Importance of Wildlife Conservation
Conservation means protecting and not wasting something. In this case, we’re talking about the wild plants and animals who share our planet with us. As well as conserving the species themselves, this also means looking after their habitats. In general, wildlife species become protected if they are endangered; however, we should all do our bit to ensure that all wild plants and animals are conserved.
For example, water pollution and rising sea levels due to climate change have reduced coral reefs. As a result, these habitats are the fastest declining in the world, causing a vast array of species to be in danger of becoming extinct. For example, the world’s largest coral ecosystem found off the northeast coast of Australia, the Great Barrier Reef, has lost half of its coral since 1995. This, in turn, has reduced the area’s biodiversity massively, resulting in huge threats to the other marine wildlife.
The following are some of the main reasons why wildlife conservation is important…
1. We Need Them
As humans, we rely on many species of plants and animals for our survival. Of course, we gain inspiration for things like artwork showing the African savannah, jewelry such as a shark bracelet, or even meditation using whale song. However, our wildlife is much more important than just that. The loss of some species could result in lower food production for humans, and plants help regulate the climate, thereby reducing climate change threats.
2. Maintaining Biodiversity
Without the variety of species within an ecosystem, the whole habitat can collapse. Therefore, reducing the numbers of one particular animal could cause a domino effect on a range of others. Research suggests that the current extinction rate is 1,000 times higher than what would naturally occur, and it takes nature a long time to recover from the loss of species.
3. Keeping Clean
Atmospheric pollution levels are reduced by photosynthesis provided by plant life. Without this process, carbon levels in the air we breathe would rise even faster than it already is, leading to more severe impacts of the enhanced greenhouse effect. So by helping to keep ecosystems in balance, we are also helping to keep the air and water clean, which benefits every living thing on Earth.
4. Reducing Suffering
Many animals are kept in appalling conditions in captivity. For example, there have been reports of cruel boxing matches featuring orang-utans sparring against each other in southeast Asian countries like Thailand and Cambodia. By protecting these animals and letting them live in their natural habitat, this unethical treatment could stop. Furthermore, people hunting the animals to take to captivity often leads to others being fatally wounded in the attempt to capture them, which reduces their numbers as well.